中華心理學刊 Chinese Journal of Psychology

47(3) 2005


語  文: 中文 Chinese
論文標題: 臺灣民眾的身體意象及其預測因子:人際壓力、媒體信任作為中介變項 Body Image and Its Predictors in Taiwan: Interpersonal Pressure and Media Agreement as Mediators
論文作者: 黃囇莉 Huang, Li-Li、張錦華 Chang, Chin-Hwa
期刊名稱: 中華心理學刊 Chinese Journal of Psychology
卷  期: 47(3) 出版年月: 2005.09
本期期刊附註:
 
起迄頁: 269∼287 引用型式: 參考文獻
補助經費來源:  
關鍵詞: 身體意象;性別意識;媒體信任;客體化理論;社會取向;態度雙元模式;Body Images;Gender Consciousness;Media Agreement;Objectification Theory;Social Orientation;Model of Dual Attitudes  
摘要:   90年代開始,以身體意象(body image)為主題的研究開始引起社會科學家之矚目,本研究根據中央研究院「台灣地區社會變遷基本調查第四期第三次」之資料,研究對象為1953位18歲以上之成人,以社會心理學的概念模式,重新檢測台灣民眾的身體意象(包含體型誤認、體型滿意、體型改變三面向)及其預測因子與影響路徑。
  研究結果顯示:台灣民眾的客觀體型(BMI值)絕大多數是在標準健康的範圍內,但卻傾向誤認自己體型過胖,其中以女性與年齡層較低者之誤認程度為甚;性別與年齡對身體意象的三面向都有顯著的影響力,平均而言,女性與年齡層低者,傾向體型誤認為較胖重,體型滿意度較低,體型改變的行為較多;隨著年齡漸長,體型誤認值越小、體型滿意度較高、人際壓力感也顯著降低。另外也發現人際壓力是影響身體意象的重要中介因子,配偶或親密關係對體型之批評最被在意,其次是店員的批評,這是最具本土意義之處;但媒體與性別意識兩者的影響力則比預設中的強度偏低。最後,本研究以身體意象為依變項,性別與年齡為自變項,人際壓力與媒體信任為中介變項,建構一結構方程模式並檢驗其適配度。
  最後,本研究(1) 以「客體化理論」(objectification theory)解釋性別與年齡對身體意象的顯著影響力,(2)以華人的社會取向(social orientation)之行動邏輯解釋何以人際壓力為重要的中介因子;(3)討論信任媒體與批判媒體正反兩種力量之抗拮,造成媒體對身體意象之影響力在本研究中顯得微弱;(4)以「態度雙元模式」(model of dual attitudes)中的顯性與隱性態度之別解釋何以性別意識之中介影響不顯著。 
論文附註: 本研究所使用資料為中央研究院「臺灣社會變遷基本調查」第四期第三次(主題為性別研究)中的一部分。; 論文內容曾於2003年12月19日發表於中央研究院社會學研究所舉辦之「家庭、政治、色情與身體意識的性別現象-臺灣地區社會變遷基本調查第六次研討會」。



序號
標題
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共計:71 筆